Previous initiatives of development planning in Malawi started immediately after independence in 1964. The first were the ten-year Development Policies (10yr Dev Pols). However, In 1998, after the country adopted a multiparty system of Government, Malawi developed the Vision 2020 which was a long-term development framework upon which short and medium-term plans would be based. These medium term plans have included the Malawi Poverty Reduction Strategy (MPRS; 2000-2005); the Malawi Growth and Development Strategies (MGDS) from 2005, the latest being MGDS III which focuses on building a productive, competitive and resilient nation over the period 2017 to 2022. In between, there also have been other notable plans which did not get to be fully implemented like the Malawi Economic Growth Strategy (2004) and the Malawi Economic Recovery Plan (2012-2014).